Building Mesa (with VA-API) from Source on Fedora.

Get back HW accelerated playback on Fedora.

Fedora and openSUSE are removing H.264, H.265, and VC-1 VA-API video codecs support from Mesa to avoid potential patent issues.

Why does it matter?

H26X's are currently the world’s most used HD video compression standards. Without Mesa supporting these codecs, any video playback will fallback to be CPU decoded, instead of GPU (which is inefficent, and may straight up not work on dated computers, and apps that heavily rely on video encoding / decoding.)

Workaround / Fix

If you're on Fedora 37 Beta and have an AMD GPU, one of the easiest ways to get x264 hardware accelerated encoding back would be to build Mesa drivers from source. (Until we eventually get an RPM Fusion package.)

Mesa have an option -Dvideo-codecs to do just that. (Credits to iceixia for his script)


cd $HOME
sudo dnf install rpmdevtools
rpmdev-setuptree #Create RPM build tree within user's home directory

Download Mesa Source and build dependencies

dnf download --source mesa #Download the source rpm.
sudo dnf builddep mesa #Install whatever is needed to build the given .src.rpm, .nosrc.rpm or .spec file.
rpm --install *.src.rpm #Install the source rpm.

Add the missing video codec option to the mesa.spec file.

cd $HOME/rpmbuild/SPECS
sed -i '/^%meson #/a \ \ -Dvideo-codecs=h264dec,h264enc,h265dec,h265enc,vc1dec #' mesa.spec

Build the RPM package from spec. This should take a few minutes.

rpmbuild -bb mesa.spec

Install the newly compiled rpms.

cd $HOME/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64
sudo dnf install *.rpm

Run vainfo to check whether the driver supports H264.

sudo dnf install libva-utils

It should show the supported profiles like this.

$ vainfo
libva info: VA-API version 0.39.4
vainfo: Supported profile and entrypoints
VAProfileMPEG2Simple : VAEntrypointVLD
VAProfileMPEG2Simple : VAEntrypointEncSlice
VAProfileMPEG2Main : VAEntrypointVLD
VAProfileMPEG2Main : VAEntrypointEncSlice
VAProfileH264ConstrainedBaseline: VAEntrypointVLD
VAProfileH264ConstrainedBaseline: VAEntrypointEncSlice
VAProfileH264ConstrainedBaseline: VAEntrypointEncSliceLP
VAProfileH264Main : VAEntrypointVLD
VAProfileH264Main : VAEntrypointEncSlice
VAProfileH264Main : VAEntrypointEncSliceLP
VAProfileH264High : VAEntrypointVLD
VAProfileH264High : VAEntrypointEncSlice
VAProfileH264High : VAEntrypointEncSliceLP
VAProfileH264MultiviewHigh : VAEntrypointVLD
VAProfileH264MultiviewHigh : VAEntrypointEncSlice
VAProfileH264StereoHigh : VAEntrypointVLD
VAProfileH264StereoHigh : VAEntrypointEncSlice
VAProfileVC1Simple : VAEntrypointVLD
VAProfileVC1Main : VAEntrypointVLD
VAProfileVC1Advanced : VAEntrypointVLD
VAProfileNone : VAEntrypointVideoProc
VAProfileJPEGBaseline : VAEntrypointVLD
VAProfileJPEGBaseline : VAEntrypointEncPicture
VAProfileVP8Version0_3 : VAEntrypointVLD
VAProfileVP8Version0_3 : VAEntrypointEncSlice
VAProfileHEVCMain : VAEntrypointVLD
VAProfileHEVCMain : VAEntrypointEncSlice

While this may not be ideal, this should serve as a workaround until better solutions are in place.